What we really mean to say is Non-health causes of symptoms that appear like blood in urine… or that could, in fact, be blood in urine. We’re talking about something external to your body that, when brought in contact with your body, is creating these symptoms.
People severely underestimate how the food you eat can affect the color of your urine. If you have been eating a lot of beets (beetroot), raspberries or rhubarb lately, that may explain the red urine color. Any food that is made with a dye can, in turn, dye your urine pink, orange, red, brown, rust or even black urine color.
Certain medications can have the unfortunate side effect of causing blood in your urine. The good news is sometimes that means the hematuria is not caused by a condition in your body. The bad news is sometimes the side effect of the medication causes a serious body condition, such as a kidney infection, which in turn causes you to have blood in your urine. You really need to talk to your doctor about the side effects of any medication you are taking if you think you may have blood in your urine.
Up to this point, we’ve told you that blood in urine can be a sign of a few health issues, but it might be helpful to know some of the conditions that might cause the hematuria. Some health issues are, obviously, more serious than others.
Not exactly a serious health condition, however, a menstrual cycle can give the appearance of hematuria. While a common menstrual cycle does produce blood from the sloughing of the uterine lining, it appears to cause blood in urine. Well, it doesn’t come through the bladder or the urethra, but the blood does end up in your urine… once it’s in the toilet. Technically, this is not hematuria since the blood does not come from within the urinary tract, but rather from the uterus and through the vaginal canal. You may require medical attention if your menstrual cycle is abnormal.
Kidney stones can cause blood in your urine. The kidney stone is not smooth, but rather a crystalline structure that has jagged edges and can tear up the sides of your kidney or urethra as it passes, causing blood in your urine. This might explain why they can be so painful. While a kidney stone hurts like crazy, it’s not usually life threatening. In some cases, you may have enough kidney stones, or really large kidney stones that may require surgery to remove the them. Kidney stones are also sometimes referred to as bladder stones, since they pass through the bladder.
A bladder infection is the most common type of urinary tract infection (UTI), and can cause blood to appear in your urine. The bladder infection is also known as Cystitis. The hematuria that comes from a bladder infection is also accompanied by an elevated white blood cell count. White blood cells fight the infection, so you would see elevated levels when you have a bladder infection. Bladder infections may be accompanied by painful urination as well as the blood in urine.You may also notice cloudy urine, since your urine may have a pus discharge. A bladder infection may cause you to frequently pee during the night, an occurrence known as nocturia. Most bladder infections can be cleared up with inexpensive antibiotics.
A kidney infection is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI), which can also produce blood in your urine. A kidney infection, however, can be much more serious than your typical bladder infection. While a kidney infection may produce blood in your urine, the hematuria may be microscopic and hard to notice. You should watch for other symptoms of a kidney infection. Common and serious symptoms of a kidney infection are vomiting, night sweats, chills, fever and fatigue. The kidney infection may also produce pain in your stomach, back, side, or groin. An untreated kidney infection may not lead to kidney failure (renal failure) and death, but it can be a sign that there are other issues that could signify impending acute renal failure or chronic renal failure. Certainly not something to be ignored. See a doctor now.
Kidney cancer produces hematuria in the majority of cases. The blood in your urine can cause the urine to be a dark urine color, a rusty urine color, or even a brown urine color. There are many other symptoms of kidney cancer, such as pain, fever and weight loss, but hematuria may be one of your first indicators. Prostate cancer, like kidney cancer, has also been known to cause blood in urine.